The legacy of Brazil being the recipient of W/Hemisphere’s most enslaved Africans, shows in her socio-economic structure – Huffington Post

February 18, 2015

The Americas & The Caribbean

These Pictures Prove Brazil’s Legacy Of Slavery Is Not A Thing Of The Past
The Huffington Post By Roque Plana

In 1889, Brazil became the last country in the Americas to outlaw slavery. More enslaved Africans were sent to Brazil than any other country in the hemisphere.

That legacy of racial slavery is readily apparent in Brazil’s socioeconomic structure today.

Among the poorest 10 percent of the population, 72 percent are black or mixed-race, according to a 2012 study by the Institute of Applied Economic Research. Researchers at the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro calculated in 2013 that if the Brazilian population were divided along racial lines, whites would occupy the 65th position on the U.N. Human Development Index, while Afro-Brazilians would only reach 102nd place.

Despite all that, Brazil is also home to what may well be the largest slavery reparations program ever attempted. Article 68 of the 1988 Constitution grants a permanent, nontransferable title to the land occupied by settlements started by runaway slaves, known in Portuguese as “quilombos.”


WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 18, 2015. 5:10 a.m. [GMT]

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